Concepts of Race, Gender, and other Social Groups Concepts of race, gender, and other ascriptive identities e. Concepts of race, gender and other ascriptive identities are "cluster" concepts: For example, consider the concept of "race.
First, there is her personal testimony to the reader of both she and her father being beneficiaries of affirmative action programs. She uses her own personal history to illustrate the point that not having the highest grades or standardized test scores does not mean that one cannot excel at any chosen endeavor.
It provides a backdrop of relevant constitutional law, statutes, pending legislation, cases with summaries as well as applicable executive orders and regulations. Finally, Professor Randall has attached a collection of excerpts from law review articles that summarize many affirmative action issues.
Of particular note is the article by Carlos J. However, this article goes on to cite the futility of the cries of "reverse discrimination" bellowed by many affirmative action opponents today. While citing many startling differences between the social and occupational history of white males and black males, the author discusses the Critical Race Theory of W.
DuBois which notes the "double consciousness" of people of color. No other place was I able to find so many varied articles, legal sources and links to other types of information pertaining to affirmative action.
West discusses a condition he refers to as racial reasoning. Racial reasoning is the notion that black people, in order to lend strength to the struggle of equality, must speak with one voice, "close ranks" and focus on one perspective thereby limiting the opportunities for substantive discussions on race and gender.
Racial reasoning produces black leaders that focus solely on pigmentation instead of qualification and principle.
West profoundly challenges the silence of most of the "black leadership" during the Senate Confirmation Hearings of Justice Thomas. The "Black leadership" is more concerned Affirmative action an annotated bibliography token representation than it is with shattering the racist stereotypes that have undermined the legitimate assimilation of blacks into the American Society on a substantial intellectual level.
West suggests that perhaps the lack of opposition of blacks indicated that maybe they believe the stereotype about black intellectual inferiority and feared there was not a better qualified black candidate.
In this chapter, Mr. West pulls no punches. He quickly converges on a very critical issue relative to a national dialogue on race.
That is that black must be multi-dimensional in their thinking and must be ready to challenge tradition. While the focus was so much on the race of the candidate, it never occurred to most that, excepting the Congressional Black Caucus, that a the wrong black Supreme Court Justice could actually be harmful to "the cause.
These voices have a unique platform given the current trends of exporting American jobs abroad, importing cheap labor, and the displacement of low and medium skilled jobs with technology. Many of the black conservatives have become popular icons for dismantling anti-discrimination programs such as affirmative action, which are perceived to further dilute to pool of available jobs for non-minorities.
For the most part, variations of three basic arguments are waged by black conservatives against black liberal thought primarily in exchange for acceptance and sponsorship of their white colleagues.
· of affirmative action calls for an equal distribution of benefits and resources, and if applied to criminal law, would also encourage equal distribution of burdens with the hope of reducing minority incarceration to a more proportionate arteensevilla.com://arteensevilla.com · This selective annotated bibliography of symposia, law review and journal articles, Websites, and videotapes is intended for law librarians and general researchers interested in the much debated topics of affirmative action and diversity. It was not my intent to create a comprehensive bibliography arteensevilla.com?abstract_id= It provided information about when affirmative action was enforced and who introduced the term “Affirmative Action.” Brunner, Borgna. "Timeline of Affirmative Action Milestones.".
First, the contention is made that most blacks have a "victim mentality" and blame their personal failures on white racism. Finally, the black conservatives charge that black liberals shun open and honest discussion on the real problems in the black community with a fear of "airing dirty laundry.
However, Cornell West points out the irony in their contentions. West asks the reader to consider the attack on affirmative action. Pure "merit," according to Mr. West, is a fiction, especially in hiring. Therefore, affirmative action type programs simply balance the scales and influence whether personal attributes such as race will be used against minorities or in their favor.
Much can be said about blacks that "climb" to positions of prominence and power based in part because of their race but then "kick down the stairs" when others try to use them. The writer clearly exposes the dichotomy inherent in this type of conservative hyperbole.
The issues this chapter discloses are not new to black people. The insinuation by black conservatives that most blacks blame everything on racism simply plays up to conservative white audiences.
Equality and Identity, Chapter 5, Wealth, power and income, as they exist today, were not available to even the most qualified blacks until several decades ago. The writer points out that America has always had these type programs which have ranged from "contracts, jobs and loans to selected immigrants" to VA mortgages and GI benefits to veterans.
However, the history of our nation suggests that if these type programs were to end now, that race and gender based discrimination would "return with a vengeance. West introduces a different theme in this chapter by showing that one of the lingering effects of slavery and past discrimination is the continued attack on black humanity and racist stereotypes which are designed to destroy black self-image.
Much of the myth surrounding black sexuality has been perpetuated to destroy the self-esteem of blacks. Many blacks hate their own bodies because of "their black noses, hips, lips and hair etc.
West, as he quotes from Dr. Francis Cress Welsing is:The article focuses on the policies of affirmative action procedures used by universities in accepting candidates and how there is a potential effect on how students from minorities prepare for .
Affirmative Action: An Annotated Bibliography “Affirmative Action.” Issues & Controversies in American History. Infobase Publishing, Web.
3 Mar. The article “Affirmative Action” offers background information about affirmative action. Affirmative action programs -- United States -- Bibliography. Affirmative action programs -- Law and legislation -- United States -- Bibliography.
Affirmative action programs. · An annotated bibliography is presented on affirmative action policy in postsecondary education. More than 40 entries mostly dated or later, represent a wide variety of resource materials that focus on the issue of educational opportunity in higher education.
Major areas of concern are: employment of underrepresented arteensevilla.com?id=ED Annotated Bibliography Affirmative Action Lit Review Affirmative Action Review and 90,+ more term papers written by professionals and your peers.
Treasure1Joy Treasure Mr. Newman English Rhetoric 6 September Statement of Scope for the Annotated Bibliography Being turned do arteensevilla.com